Pool Maintenance Tips

Pool Maintenance Tips - C-Pool
  • Point return jets up on an angle to create a rippling effect on waters surface
  • Backwash filter twice weekly and after every vacuuming
  • When adjusting pH use muriatic acid to lower pH and baking soda to raise pH
  • Keep solar blanket on only at night, removing during the day
  • Change your filter sand every 5 Years
  • For best economical results run filter 12 hours a day at night


The Best Tip

The best tip for pool care is to use C-POOL mineral treatment. When Introducing C-POOL into the water, do not dump in skimmer, dilute or throw abruptly on the surface.  For best results sprinkle lightly on the surface approximately 6" above the water.


Ideal Readings

C-Pool readings can be checked by purchasing a copper test strips.  Levels should be checked monthly and should be maintained at (0.5 ppm)

  1. Sanitizer (1-3 ppm)
  2. Total Alkalinity (120 ppm)
  3. pH (7.2)
  4. C-Pool (copper reading) (0.5 ppm)
  5. Liquid Chlorine for shocking (5-7 ppm)
  6. Stabilizer keep low (0 - 40 ppm)


Testing Water

When testing water with standard pH and Chlorine test kits, submerge the tester as deep as your elbow.  For Chlorine, remove the flask and add test drops then shake and read immediately. While you are checking the readings, hold the flask against the sky or non-coloured background. The ideal readings for Chlorine should be 1-3 ppm and pH at 7.2. When using test strips, make sure they do not get wet prior to using, or the reading will not be accurate.


Filter Systems

The filter's job is to stop and contain dirt, dead algae and impurities.  If it is not functioning properly, problems may include cloudy water, algae problems, or dirt and debris coming in through return jets.

There are two popular types of filter systems: Sand Filter System and Cartridge Filter System. It is very important that the filter runs at the full capability to help clarify the water.

Sand Filter Systems:  Over time the sand becomes smooth and round, and it becomes less efficient in trapping and holding impurities. Products on the market are designed to loosen up compacted sand, not renew it. It is our recommendation that you change the sand every five seasons, ensuring optimum performance.  When changing your sand in the filter, always remember to backwash the new sand for several minutes prior to the normal filter cycle. This will prevent the fine dust in the new sand from ending up in the pool.

Filter Cartridges Systems:  The more often you clean or rinse them, the better they will function. The filter system should be free of leaks. If you are losing water or sucking air into the system it decreases the efficiency of the system. Cartridge filters should be checked often and replaced when needed.  Always have a second cartridge on hand.


Vacuuming Tip

In order to avoid getting air in the system, submerse the hose and vacuum head into the water, place the opposite end of the hose at a return jet and hold in place until all air bubbles are forced out of the vacuum head. Then insert the hose into the skimmer or vacuum inlet. The key to proper vacuuming is to use slow and even movements to not stir up debris. If motions are too fast, the dirt will be pushed around and be re-suspended in the water. This will give an illusion of clean water, until the debris settles back down to the bottom of the pool. Backwash until the water from the waste outlet comes clear, then switch to rinse for approximately 15 seconds prior to resuming filter.



Water jets should aim upward at an angle of 20-30 degrees and away from the skimmer to create a rippling effect across the surface, producing an aerating effect which aids healthy water.



A chlorinator or brominator is an easy and convenient way to dispense your sanitizer. Fill the dispenser with chlorine pucks or bromine and place on a low setting.  If you do not have the luxury of owning an automatic dispenser, place a puck or 2 in the skimmer basket.


Solar Covers

When using solar covers(blankets) try not to leave them on all day, especially during the hot summer.  Solar covers are designed to keep the heat in, not make the water warmer. The time to use a solar cover is in the evening when the sun goes down, removing it during the day. This practice will ensure healthier water by allowing it to absorb the sun's rays to heat the pool and also allows oxygen to enter the water.


Safety Covers

Winter Safety covers are made of mesh and allow fine airborne dirt to go through the cover and settle on the pool bottom. This results in an additional cleanup phase to remove all of the dirt from the bottom of the pool. To prevent this problem we recommend putting a standard winter cover on first, and putting the safety cover over top. The result will be crystal clear water when you open your pool.


Open Early Tip

Open your pool when the water is still cold and the algae has not had a chance to grow. The water is also clear and vacuuming is easier.



Stains can be caused by many things, and the best clue to the source of the problem is the colour of the pool stain.  The most common stains are greenish-brown and are typically related to something organic (leaves sitting on the bottom during the winter), or algae growth. A simple shock treatment and scrubbing with a stiff brush may quickly remove a greenish brown coloured stain.  You may also try one of the many new enzyme-based pool chemicals on the market.  Stains that appear reddish brown or very dark are typically related to metals in your pool water.  

The metals that commonly cause pool stains are iron, manganese & copper.  Copper will result in blue, green or dark black stains.

If you believe your stain is related to metals, or if the suggestions above for organic pool stains do not lighten or improve the stain, you should purchase a natural ascorbic acid based pool product or diphosphonic acid based pool product.  When applied directly to the stain, these powerful pool chemicals will almost instantly remove the stain.

Jennifer Wilson